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ISIL insurgency in Tunisia

ISIL insurgency in Tunisia refers to the ongoing militant and terror activity of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant branch in Tunisia. The activity of ISIL in Tunisia began in summer 2015, with the Sousse attacks, though an earlier terror incident in Bardo Museum in March 2015 was claimed the Islamic State, while the Tunisian government blamed Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade. Following massive border clashes near Ben Guerdance in March 2016, the activity of the ISIL group was described as armed insurgency,[2] switching from previous tactics of sporadic suicide attacks to attempts to gain territorial control.

Background

On 18 March 2015, three militants attacked the Bardo National Museum in the Tunisian capital city of Tunis, and took hostages.[3] Twenty-one people, mostly European tourists, were killed at the scene, while an additional victim died ten days later. Around fifty others were injured.[4] [5] [6] Two of the gunmen, Tunisian citizens Yassine Labidi and Saber Khachnaoui, were killed by police, while the third attacker is currently at large.[7] Police treated the event as a terrorist attack.[8] [9]

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility for the attack, and threatened to commit further attacks.[10] However, the Tunisian government blamed a local splinter group of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, called the Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade, for the attack. A police raid killed nine members on 28 March.[11]

Timeline
2015
  • 24 November - a bus carrying Tunisian presidential guards exploded, killing 12, on a principal road in Tunis, Tunisia.[15] [16] ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[17] [18] The bomber, who also died in the attack, was identified as Houssem Abdelli.[19]
2016
  • 7–9 March - 2016 Ben Guerdane attack was an armed attack on 7 March 2016 in the city of Ben Gardane in Tunisia on the border with Libya. The clashes continued also on 8 and 9 of March in the area. The final death toll was 45 militants, 13 security and 7 civilians. On 19 March, 2 militants were killed on Libyan border, near to the site of the Ben Guerdane attack, while three civilians and a Tunisian security forces member were wounded.[20]
  • 30 March - 4 Tunisian troops were reported killed in an ambush by ISIL affiliates in Kasserine.[21]
  • 11 May - four police men were killed by IS attack, with the suicide bomber dying as well.[22] This followed the death of two suspected terrorists near Tunis.
  • 26 October - two Americans were detained by the authorities in Jendouba (northwestern Tunisia), being suspected of involvement with a terrorist organization.[23]
  • 5 November - militants killed the soldier at his home in the central region. A day later, ISIL claimed responsibility for the killing.[24]
  • 9 November - the Tunisian Army hunted down and shot dead a leader of a militant group affiliated with ISIL militants, this comes four days after the militant group killed a soldier at his house in central Tunisia.[25]
2017
  • 12 March - A police officer and two militants were killed in a shootout at a checkpoint in southern Tunisia that left three other officers injured.[26]
  • 2-3 June - A unit of the National Army discovered the body of the shepherd Khelifa Soltani on Saturday afternoon, on Mount Mghila. He had been kidnapped on Friday by a group of terrorists with another shepherd who hasn't been found yet.[27]
  • 8 June - A mine exploded at Jebel Mghila (Sidi Bouzid), during a sweep operation, killing 1 soldier and wounding another one.[28]
  • 16 June - A woman was injured when a IED went off near Mont Salloum in the Kasserine Governorate.[29]
  • 22 August - An IED blast wounded two soldiers on patrol in the heights of Kasserine.[30]
References
  1. http://edition.cnn.com/2015/06/27/africa/tunisia-terror-attack/
  2. Carlino, Ludovico (9 March 2016). "Islamic State attack on Ben Guerdane indicates shift in group's Tunisia strategy, to trigger insurgency". Jane's Defence Weekly. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  3. Tarek Amara. "Gunmen storm Tunisian museum, kill two Tunisians, 17 foreign tourists site". Reuters. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  4. "The Latest: French President Mourns Tunisia Victims". The New York Times. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  5. "Museum attack a 'great calamity' for Tunisia's young democracy". Los Angeles Times. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  6. Death toll rises to 23, Associated Press, MSN News; accessed 19 March 2015.
  7. "Third Tunisia museum attacker 'on the run', says president". Agence France Presse, Yahoo News. March 22, 2015. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  8. "21 dead in Tunisia attack, Including Gunmen". Al-Jazeera.com. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  9. Marszal, Andrew (18 March 2015). "Gunmen 'take hostages' in attack on Tunisia parliament.". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  10. "ISIS Claims Responsibility For Tunisia Museum Attack". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  11. "Thousands of Tunisians, leaders march after Bardo attack". Reuters. 29 March 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  12. "Africa – Scores killed in terror attack on Tunisian beach resort". France 24.
  13. "Death toll from attack at Tunisia hotel rises to 39". WBTV. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  14. Payne, Ed; Black, Phil; Smith-Spark, Laura. "Tunisia attack: Tourists flee the country after gunman kills 38". CNN. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  15. Gandar, Kashmira (24 November 2015). "Tunisia bus explosion: Bomb kills 12 on Tunis bus in 'act of terror'". The Independent. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  16. Amara, Tarek (24 November 2015). "Bombing of Tunisia presidential guard bus kills 12". Reuters. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  17. "Islamic State Claims Responsibility for Deadly Bus Attack in Tunis". The Wall Street Journal. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  18. "Islamic State claims responsibility for fatal Tunis bus attack". The Guardian. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  19. "Tunisia identifies bus suicide bomber as Tunisian national". Reuters.
  20. AFP (20 March 2016). "Tunisian forces kill 2 ‘terrorists’ near site of border attack".
  21. Desk, News (30 March 2016). "ISIS terrorists ambush 4 Tunisian soldiers in Kasserine".
  22. (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Four policemen killed in 'IS' suicide attack in Tunisia - News - DW.COM - 11.05.2016".
  23. "Tunisia Briefly Holds Two From U.S. on Suspicion of Terror Ties". The New York Times. 27 October 2016.
  24. "Tunisian soldier killed in his home: report". 6 November 2016.
  25. "PressTV-Tunisia military kills terrorist group leader".
  26. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tunisia-security-idUSKBN16J0GF
  27. http://www.espacemanager.com/decouverte-du-corps-de-khelifa-soltani-kidnappe-au-mont-mghilla.html/
  28. http://kapitalis.com/tunisie/2017/06/08/jebel-mghila-deux-soldats-blesses-dans-lexplosion-dune-mine/
  29. https://www.tunisienumerique.com/tunisie-femme-blessee-lexplosion-dun-mont-selloum/
  30. http://www.mosaiquefm.net/fr/actualite-regional-tunisie/190917/kasserine-deux-soldats-blesses-dans-l-explosion-d-une-mine
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ISIL insurgency in Tunisia

topic

ISIL insurgency in Tunisia refers to the ongoing militant and terror activity of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant branch in Tunisia. The activity of ISIL in Tunisia began in summer 2015, with the Sousse attacks , though an earlier terror incident in Bardo Museum in March 2015 was claimed the Islamic State, while the Tunisian government blamed Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade. Following massive border clashes near Ben Guerdance in March 2016, the activity of the ISIL group was described as armed insurgency, switching from previous tactics of sporadic suicide attacks to attempts to gain territorial control. Background On 18 March 2015, three militants attacked the Bardo National Museum in the Tunisian capital city of Tunis , and took hostages. Twenty-one people, mostly European tourists, were killed at the scene, while an additional victim died ten days later. Around fifty others were injured. Two of the gunmen, Tunisian citizens Yassine Labidi and Saber Khachnaoui, were killed by police, while the third att



List of conflicts in Tunisia

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Ancient Times Carthaginian Empire 264 — 146 BCE Punic Wars 264 — 241 BCE First Punic War First Punic War Early 255 BCE Siege of Aspis Early 255 BCE Battle of Adys 255 BCE Battle of Tunis 240 — 238 BCE Mercenary War Spring 240 BCE Battle of Utica Autumn 240 BCE Battle of the Bagradas River Autumn 240 BCE Hamilcar's victory with Navaras 238 BCE Battle of "The Saw" 238 BCE Siege of Tunis 218 — 201 BCE Second Punic War Second Punic War 203 BCE Battle of Utica 203 BCE Battle of the Great Plains October 19, 202 BCE Battle of Zama 149 — 146 BCE Third Punic War 147 BCE Battle of the Port of Carthage 147 BCE Battle of Nepheris circa 149 BCE — Spring 146 BCE Battle of Carthage Kingdom of Numidia 112 - 106 BCE Jugurthine War 111 - 104 BCE Battle of Thala 110 BCE Battle of Suthul 108 BCE Battle of the Muthul Roman Province of Africa 238 CE Battle of Carthage 439 CE Genseric chose to break the treaty between the Vandals and the Romans when he invaded the province of Africa Proconsularis and laid siege to Carthage . German



List of wars and battles involving ISIL

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Current military situation (as of August 27, 2017 ):    Controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant    Controlled by al-Nusra    Controlled by the Main Syrian rebels    Controlled by the Syrian Government    Controlled by Iraqi government    Controlled by Syrian Kurdistan    Controlled by Iraqi Kurdistan    Controlled by the Lebanese Government    Controlled by Hezbollah The following is a list of conflicts involving the militant group commonly known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/ISIS), throughout its various incarnations. The group currently controls portions of territory in Iraq and Syria and has taken part in many battles and wars. Wars Since late 2013, the wars in Syria have merged into a single war that includes a spillover into Lebanon and Iraq. War on Terror Military intervention against ISIL American-led intervention in Syria American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present) German intervention against ISIL Jordanian intervention in the Syrian Civil War Russian military i



Military activity of ISIL

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The military of ISIL is the fighting force of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The total force size has been estimated from tens of thousands to over two hundred thousand. ISIL's armed forces grew quickly during 2014. The ISIL military, including groups incorporated into it in 2014, openly operates and controls territory in Iraq , Syria , multiple cities in Libya , and Nigeria . In October 2016, it conquered the city of Qandala in Puntland , Somalia . It also has had border clashes with and made incursions into Lebanon , Iran , and Jordan . ISIL-linked groups operate in Algeria , Pakistan , the Philippines , and in West Africa ( Cameroon , Niger , and Chad ). In January 2015, ISIL was also confirmed to have a military presence in Afghanistan and in Yemen . Their military is based on mobile units using light vehicles such as gun-equipped pick-up trucks ( technicals ), motorbikes and buses for fast advances. They also use artillery, tanks and armored vehicles captured from the Iraqi and S



Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present)

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The Insurgency in the Maghreb refers to Islamist militant and terrorist activity in the Maghreb and Sahel regions of North Africa since 2002. The conflict succeeded the conclusion of the Algerian Civil War as the militant group Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) allied itself with al-Qaeda to eventually become al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). Algeria and other Maghreb states affected by the activity have been offered assistance in fighting extremist militants by the United States and the United Kingdom since 2007, when Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara began. The Arab Spring in 2011 opened up for militant Islamists to put increasing pressure on governments and engage in full-scale warfare. In 2012 AQIM and Islamist allies captured the northern half of Mali , until being fought back less than a year later following a French-led foreign intervention , which was succeeded by the Sahel-wide Operation Barkhane . In Libya the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has been ab



Abu Sayyaf (ISIL leader)

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Abu Sayyaf is the nom de guerre of a senior leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) who was described as overseeing gas and oil operations. United States authorities identified Abu Sayyaf's real name as Fathi Ben Awn Ben Jildi Murad al-Tunisi . Abu Sayyaf was killed on the night of May 15–16, 2015 while resisting capture during a United States Army Delta Force operation in eastern Syria . Death The operation was conducted to try to capture him and his wife on suspicion of their involvement in, or "deep knowledge" of, Islamic State hostage operations. Kayla Mueller is reported to have been a "personal captive" of Abu Sayyaf. No U.S. soldiers were killed or injured during the operation. It was the first direct action ground raid targeting the militant group by U.S. soldiers inside Syria. (a previous U.S. ground operation in Syria was a rescue mission). Items, including several terabytes of data from laptops, cellphones and other material, were recovered from the scene and exploited for inte



ISIL territorial claims

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The core of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ' s (ISIL) territory is in Iraq and Syria , where the organization controls substantial urban, rural, and desert territory. ISIL also controls land in Yemen , Afghanistan , Libya , Nigeria , Lebanon , the Philippines , Egypt , and possibly Somalia , and has insurgent cells in Algeria , Pakistan , Tunisia , the Caucasus and Saudi Arabia that do not control any territory. As of early 2017, ISIL controlled approximately 45,377 square kilometers (17520 square miles) of territory in Iraq and Syria and 7,323 km of territory elsewhere, for a total of 52,700 km . This represents a substantial decline from the group's territorial peak in late 2014, when it controlled between 100,000 km and 110,000 km of territory in total. ISIL's territory has declined substantially in almost every country since 2014, a result of the group's unpopularity and the military action taken against it. ISIL propaganda claims a peak territorial extent of 282,485 km . The majority



Derna campaign (2014–16)

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In October 2014, the self-declared Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) took control of numerous government buildings, security vehicles and local landmarks in the Eastern Libyan coastal city of Derna . Although some media outlets reported the control as being absolute, rival groups like the al-Qaeda-affiliated Abu Salim Martyrs Brigade continued to control parts of the city. Clashes erupted between ISIL and an alliance of Islamist groups in June 2015, with ISIL retreating from Derna to outlying suburbs the following month. However, clashes continued between the Islamist alliance and the Tobruk-based government forces. Background The city of Derna has been considered the most pious Muslim city in Libya and has a long history of Islamist radicalism. In 2007, American troops in Iraq uncovered a list of foreign fighters for the Iraqi insurgency and of the 112 Libyans on the list, 52 had come from Derna. Derna contributed more foreign fighters per capita to al-Qaeda in Iraq than any other city in th



Military intervention against ISIL

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26 June 2015 Islamist attacks

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On 26 June 2015, attacks occurred in France, Kuwait, Syria, Somalia, and Tunisia, one day following a deadly massacre in Syria. The day of attacks has been dubbed " Bloody Friday " by international media and " Black Friday " ( French : Vendredi Noir ) among Francophone media in Europe and North Africa. One attack at a Tunisian beach resort killed 39; a bombing at a Shia mosque in Kuwait City killed 27 and injured several; while in Kobanî a large-scale massacre by ISIL resulted in more than 223 civilians murdered, in line with over 79 assailants (including 13 suicide bombers) and 23 Kurdish militiamen, dubbed the second largest massacre by ISIL since summer 2014; a suicide bombing by ISIL in Al-Hasakeh , also in Syria, resulted in 20 fatalities; Al-Shabaab militants killed 70 African Union soldiers from Burundi in Leego , Somalia ; finally, one man was decapitated , while several were injured during the Saint-Quentin-Fallavier attack in France. Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant senior leader Abu Moham



German intervention against ISIL

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The German intervention against ISIL was authorized on 4 December 2015. The involvement of the country in the Syrian Civil War and the Iraqi Civil War began with the Bundeswehr mission in Syria and Iraq (codenamed Operation Counter Daesh , under the aegis of Operation Inherent Resolve ) to combat the terrorist organization ISIL . The mission was primarily created as a reaction to the November 2015 Paris attacks . History The deployment of the Bundeswehr had been discussed from the end of November 2015 within the German government , debated in parliament and decided on 4 December 2015 with a majority of the votes of the coalition parties CDU and SPD . As a justification it was stated that the terrorist attacks in Tunisia , Turkey , Beirut , against Russia and especially in Paris had shown that the terrorist organization acted far beyond the currently controlled territories in Syria and Iraq and also posed a global threat to peace and security. Furthermore, with the attacks in Paris ISIL had attacked France and



2015 Tunis bombing

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On 24 November 2015, a bus carrying Tunisian presidential guards exploded, killing 12, on a principal road in Tunis , Tunisia . ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack. The bomber, who also died in the attack, was identified as Houssem Abdelli. Bombing On 24 November 2015, at least 12 people were killed in a bus bombing in Tunis , the capital of Tunisia. The bus was carrying members of the Tunisian Presidential Security guard . The blast happened when the vehicle was parked near a main artery in the Tunisian capital where guard members are typically picked up and dropped off, according to an official in the Tunisian Prime Minister's office. The explosion, described as an "attack" by presidential spokesman Moez Sinaoui, struck on the capital's Mohamed V Avenue, a ministry official told AFP . An AFP journalist reported seeing the partly burnt out shell of the bus, with police, ambulances, and fire trucks at the scene. The bomber was identified as Houssem Abdelli, a 28-year-old resident of Tunis. The man'



2015 Sousse attacks

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On 26 June 2015, a mass shooting occurred at the tourist resort at Port El Kantaoui , about 10 kilometres north of the city of Sousse , Tunisia . Thirty-eight people, 30 of whom were British, were killed when a gunman, Seifeddine Rezgui, attacked a hotel. It was the deadliest non-state attack in the history of modern Tunisia , with more fatalities than the 22 killed in the Bardo National Museum attack three months before. The attack received widespread condemnation around the world. The Tunisian government later "acknowledged fault" for slow police response to the attack. Background In October 2013, a suicide bomber blew himself up in a botched attack on a Sousse beach while security forces foiled another planned attack nearby. The post- Tunisian revolution led to the 2014 parliamentary election in which the principal secularist party gained a plurality but was unable to govern alone, and ultimately formed a national unity government. Secularist Beji Caid Essebsi was elected president in the Tunisian pres



Timeline of ISIL-related events (2015)

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This article contains a timeline of events from January 2015 to December 2015 related to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/ISIS). For a list of other time periods, see Timeline of ISIL related events . This article contains information about events committed by or on behalf of the Islamic State, as well as events performed by groups who oppose them. Timeline January 2015 ISIL's official spokesman Abu Muhammad al-Adnani released an audio statement in which he accepted the earlier pledge of allegiance and announced the expansion of ISIL's caliphate with the creation of Wilayat Khorasan ( Khurasan Province), a historical region incorporating parts of modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan. Hafiz Khan Saeed was appointed as its local leader, or Wāli (Governor). Abdul Rauf was named as Khan's deputy, however he was killed by a US drone strike in Afghanistan several weeks later. 4 January: ISIL troops attacked Saudi Arabia again, near the border city of Arar, Saudi Arabia , killing four Saudi border guard



Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

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The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ( ISIL , IPA : ), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria ( ISIS ), Islamic State ( IS ), and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh ( Arabic : داعش ‎‎ dāʿish, IPA:  ), is a Salafi jihadist militant group and unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist , Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam . ISIL gained global prominence in early 2014 when it drove Iraqi government forces out of key cities in its Western Iraq offensive , followed by its capture of Mosul and the Sinjar massacre . This group has been designated a terrorist organisation by the United Nations and many individual countries. ISIL is widely known for its videos of beheadings of both soldiers and civilians, including journalists and aid workers, and its destruction of cultural heritage sites . The United Nations holds ISIL responsible for human rights abuses and war crimes , and Amnesty International has charged the group with ethnic cleansing on a "historic scale" in northern Iraq. ISIL o



Tunisian Armed Forces

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The Tunisian Armed Forces ( Arabic : القوات المسلحة التونسية ‎‎) consist of the Tunisian Army , Air Force and Navy. As of 2012, Tunisia had an army of 40,500 personnel equipped with 84 main battle tanks and 48 light tanks. The Air Force had 4,000 personnel, 27 combat aircraft and 43 helicopters. The navy numbered 4,800 operating 25 patrol boats and 6 other craft. Paramilitary forces consisted of a 12,000-member national guard. Tunisia participates in United Nations peacekeeping efforts in the DROC ( MONUSCO ) and Côte d'Ivoire. Previous United Nations peacekeeping deployments for the Tunisian armed forces have included Cambodia ( UNTAC ), Namibia ( UNTAG ), Somalia, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia/Eritrea ( UNMEE ), and the 1960s mission in the Congo, ONUC . The former minister of defence was Rachid Sabbagh . History Tunisian artillery and gunners, circa 1900 The modern Tunisian army was formed in 1831 by Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud . During the period of the French Protectorate (1881–1956) Tunisians were recruited



Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya

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The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant is a militant Islamist group active in Libya under three branches: Fezzan Province ( Arabic : ولاية الفزان ‎‎, Wilayah al-Fizan) in the desert south, Cyrenaica Province ( Arabic : ولاية البرقة ‎‎, Wilayah al-Barqah) in the east, and Tripolitania Province ( Arabic : ولاية الطرابلس ‎‎, Wilayah al-Tarabulus) in the west. The branches were formed on 13 November 2014, following pledges of allegiance to ISIL leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi by militants in Libya . Background Following the 2011 Libyan Civil War , which resulted in the ousting of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and his government, many rebel fighters went to Syria to fight alongside militant groups who were fighting Bashar al-Assad and his loyalists in the Syrian Civil War . In 2012, one group of Libyans fighting in Syria declared the establishment of the Battar Brigade. The Battar Brigade would later pledge loyalty to ISIL, and fight for it in both Syria and Iraq. In early 2014, up to 300 Battar Brigade veterans return



Arab Winter

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The Arab Winter is a term for the rise of authoritarianism and Islamic extremism evolving in the aftermath of the Arab Spring protests in Arab countries. According to scholars of the University of Warsaw , the Arab Spring fully devolved into the Arab Winter four years after its onset. The Arab Winter is characterized by the emergence of multiple regional civil wars , mounting regional instability, economic and demographic decline of Arab countries, and ethno-religious sectarian strife. According to a study by the American University of Beirut , as of the summer of 2014 the Arab Winter had resulted in nearly a quarter of a million deaths and millions of refugees. Definition Geography The term "Arab Winter" refers to the events across Arab League countries in the Mid-East and North Africa, including the Syrian Civil War , the Iraqi insurgency and the following civil war , the Egyptian Crisis , the Libyan Crisis and the Crisis in Yemen . Events referred to as the Arab Winter include those in Egypt that



Bardo National Museum attack

topic

On 18 March 2015, three militants attacked the Bardo National Museum in the Tunisian capital city of Tunis , and took hostages. Twenty-one people, mostly European tourists, were killed at the scene, while an additional victim died ten days later. Around fifty others were injured. Two of the gunmen, Tunisian citizens Yassine Labidi and Saber Khachnaoui, were killed by police, while the third attacker is currently at large. Police treated the event as a terrorist attack . The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility for the attack, and threatened to commit further attacks. However, the Tunisian government blamed a local splinter group of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb , called the Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade, for the attack. A police raid killed nine members on 28 March. Background Since the removal from power of longtime President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in the 2011 Tunisian Revolution , the country has faced occasional attacks from Islamist militants, mainly in remote areas. Its ci



List of battles since 2001

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21st century 2001 Battle Date Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Outcome Operation MH - 2 8 March Macedonia National Liberation Army Macedonian indecisive victory Battle of Tetovo 16 March – 13 August Macedonia National Liberation Army Ceasefire Operation Vaksince 25 May Macedonia National Liberation Army Decisive Macedonian victory Battle for Vedeno 13 August – ? Russia Chechen insurgents Pyrrhic Russian victory Operation Crescent Wind 7 October 2001 – ? December United States United Kingdom Taliban American and British victory Operation Rhino 19-20 October United States Taliban American victory Battle of Mazar-e-Sharif 9 November United States Northern Alliance Taliban al-Qaeda IMU TNSM ETIM American and Northern Alliance victory Siege of Kunduz 11–23 November United States Northern Alliance Taliban al-Qaeda IMU American and Northern Alliance victory Battle of Herat 12 November United States Iran Northern Alliance Taliban American, Iranian and Northern Alliance victory Battle of Kabul 13–14 November United States Nort



ISIL-related terror attacks in France

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ISIL-related terror attacks in France refers to the terrorist activity of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in France , including attacks committed by ISIL-inspired lone wolves . The French military operation Opération Sentinelle has been ongoing in France since the January 2015 Île-de-France attacks . Background Prior to the attacks, the 2005 French riots occurred. They have been controversially interpreted, mostly by the foreign press, as an illustration of the difficulty of integrating Muslims in France, and smaller scale riots have been occurring throughout the 1980s and 1990s, first in Vaulx-en-Velin in 1979, and in Vénissieux in 1981, 1983, 1990 and 1999. According to The Guardian , eight attacks occurred in France during the eighteen months from January 2015 to July 2016, including the January 2015 Île-de-France attacks (which killed 17 people), the November 2015 Paris attacks (which killed 130), and the July 2016 Nice truck attack (which killed 86). Reportedly, ISIL has called on its supporte



Killing of captives by ISIL

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Executions by ISIS refers here to killing by beheading , crucifixion , immolation , shooting or other means of military and civilian people (such as captives and "criminals") by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). ISIS have released a number of propaganda/publicity videos of beheadings or shootings of captives. Other videos and photos show people being crucified and later dying as a result of crucifixion, or at least in part from the crucifixion. Houtat Sulūk is reported to be a mass grave. Military captives By June 2014, according to United Nations reports, ISIL had killed hundreds of prisoners of war and over 1,000 civilians. Specific incidents involving the killing of military prisoners including the mass killing of up to 250 Syrian Army soldiers near Tabqa Air base , and killings that took place in Camp Speicher (1,095–1,700 Iraqi soldiers shot and "thousands" more "missing") and the Shaer gas field (200 Syrian soldiers shot). ISIL was reported to have beheaded about 100 foreign fighters a



Battle of Sirte (2015)

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The Battle of Sirte refers to the battle in the spring of 2015, in the region of Sirte , Libya between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the Libya Shield Force . ISIL forces had been present in the city since February 2015, before the Fall of Nofaliya . After Nofaliya fell to ISIL forces, the Tripoli -based government had decided to send reinforcements to recapture Sirte. The battle The fighting began 14 March 2015, between forces of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and the forces of the Libya Shield Force , no death toll was initially given, but the fighting was described as violent and stopped at dusk. Among those killed was Ahmed al-Rouissi, a Tunisian ISIL commander. On 18 March, 12 Tripoli government soldiers were killed during fighting against Islamic State fighters; 10 in Nofaliya and 2 in Ben Jawad . On 25 March, ISIL attacked a Brigade 166 checkpoint, 15 kilometers west of Sirte, killing five militiamen. Over the next two months, sporadic fighting took place around Sirte.



Timeline of ISIL-related events (2016)

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Map of the Levant (22 June 2015) Actual map of the Levant more detailed at Insurgencies Map Northern Aleppo offensive (8 February 2016) Boko Haram /ISIL Current military situation, as of 25 December 2015    Controlled by the Nigerian government    Controlled by Boko Haram / ISIL Libya current military situation (as of 6 January 2016)    Controlled by the Council of Deputies and Libyan National Army    Controlled by the New General National Congress and Libya Shield Force    Controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant    Controlled by the Benghazi , Derna and Ajdabiya Shura Councils    Controlled by the Petroleum Facilities Guard (PFG)    Controlled by Tuareg forces    Controlled by local forces Territory Changes 2014–2016 Timeline January 2016 1 January ISIL fighters mount an attack on the newly recaptured Iraqi city of Ramadi using suicide bombers and VBIEDs . They are repelled by the Iraqi Army operating in conjunction with US-led Coalition air strikes. 1 January a lone attacker performed a terro



Iraqi insurgency (2003–11)

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An insurgency began in Iraq after the 2003 US-led invasion , and lasted throughout the ensuing Iraq War (2003–2011). The first phase of the insurgency began shortly after the 2003 invasion and prior to the establishment of the new Iraqi government. From around 2004 to May 2007, the insurgency primarily targeted the Multi-National Force – Iraq , while latterly, Iraqi security forces , seen, by Iraqi insurgents, as collaborators with the coalition, were also targeted. With the full-scale eruption of the sectarian civil war in February 2006, many militant attacks in American-controlled central Iraq were directed at the Iraqi police and military forces of the Iraqi government . The attacks continued during the transitional reconstruction of Iraq , as the Iraqi government tried to establish itself. Civil war violence decreased in late 2008 and the insurgency continued through the American withdrawal from Iraq in 2011. After the withdrawal in December 2011, a renewed wave of sectarian and anti-government insurgenc



List of terrorist incidents linked to ISIL

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Terror attacks committed by ISIL as of 1 January 2017. The following is a list of terrorist incidents and arrests that have been connected to or have been said by reliable sources to be inspired by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) or Daesh. Since June 2014, when ISIL proclaimed itself to be the Islamic State, according to a running count kept by CNN , it has "conducted or inspired" over 70 terrorist attacks in 20 countries, not including Syria and Iraq . 2013 Country Date Article Description Dead Injured Status Iraq January 2013 A car bomb killed 28 Shia pilgrims and injured 60 others as they were returning from Karbala, while in the capital Baghdad a roadside bomb exploded near a minibus, killing four pilgrims and wounding 15 others. 32 75 Iraq January 2013 Two suicide bombing attacks killed 55 and wounded 288 in Baghdad, Tikrit and Kirkuk. 55 288 Iraq January 2013 A suicide bomber blew himself up during a funeral for a politician's rel



List of conflicts in Africa

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This is a list of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-African nations that took place within Africa. It encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, secessionist and separatist conflicts, major episodes of national violence (riots, massacres, etc.), and global conflicts in which Africa was a theatre of war. North Africa Egypt 1803 — 07 Muhammad Ali's seizure of power 1881 — 99 Mahdist War June 11, 1940 — February 4, 1943: Western Desert Campaign , part of World War II October 29 — November 7, 1956 Suez Crisis June 5, 1967 — June 10, 1967 Six Day War July 1, 1967 — August 7, 1970 War of Attrition October 6, 1973 — October 25, 1973 Yom Kippur War July 21, 1977 — July 24, 1977 Libyan-Egyptian War January 25, 2011 — ongoing 2011 Egyptian Revolution and Aftermath January 25, 2011 — February 11, 2011 Egyptian Revolution Egyptian crisis (2011–14) February 23, 2011 — ongoing Sinai insurgen



Sexual jihad

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Sexual jihad ( Arabic : جهاد النكاح ‎‎, jihad al-nikah) refers to the purported practice in which Sunni women sympathetic to the Salafi jihadism travel to the battlefields and are voluntarily offering themselves to rebels fighting the Bashar al Assad government in Syria to be "married" repeatedly in a temporary marriage, serving sexual comfort roles to help boost the fighters' morale. Publicity first arose in 2013, and the veracity of the practice became the subject of greater debate in September 2013 after the Interior Minister of the 98% Muslim nation of Tunisia made a public statement identifying it as a significant issue. Critics dismissed claims of "sexual jihad" as unfounded and political propaganda, aforementioned denial of this "real phenomenon" has been rejected by several media outlets as cover up and sexual jihad was declared as valid part of Wahhabi ideology by several religious clerics in their interviews to media. Reports and allegations The term originated from a fatwa titled Jihad ul Nikaah



Battle of Ben Guerdane

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The Battle of Ben Guerdane occurred on March 7, 2016 in the city of Ben Gardane in Tunisia on the border with Libya . Islamic State forces attempted to seize the city, but were repulsed by the Tunisian military . The clashes continued also on 8 and 9 of March in the area. The attack Armed groups of militants from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya and Ansar al-Sharia began the attack on the town by grouping around and seizing the local mosque. The mosque loudspeakers were used to broadcast a message and a signal for the attack on government facilities. The Tunisian National Guard, military barracks, and police posts were simultaneously ambushed, in an attempt to takeover Ben Gardane and establish an "Emirate" within Tunisia. The fighting continued between the attackers and Tunisian military and police reinforcements, until clashes ended in mid-morning, and continued pursuit operations in the vicinity lasted the rest of the day. Casualties The Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of National D



Hīt shooting

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The Hīt shooting occurred on 30 October 2014 when insurgents from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant killed at least 75 members of the Albu Nimr tribein in Hīt , a town in Al Anbar Governorate . See also American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present) Fall of Hīt (2014) List of terrorist incidents in July–December 2014 List of terrorist incidents linked to ISIL List of mass car bombings Military intervention against ISIL Number of terrorist incidents by country Timeline of ISIL-related events (2014) List of Islamist terrorist attacks Timeline of the Iraq War (2014) War on Terror References External links http://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/search/IncidentSummary.aspx?gtdid=201410300035 The Hīt shooting occurred on 30 October 2014 when insurgents from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant killed at least 75 members of the Albu Nimr tribein in Hīt , a town in Al Anbar Governorate . See also American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present) Fall of Hīt (2014) List of terrorist incidents in July–December 2014 L



Exercise North Thunder

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North Thunder (or in Arabic : رعد الشمال Raʿad aš-Šamāl / Raad al-Shamal) was a joint military exercise held in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with the participation of 20 Arab and Islamic countries ; notably the United Arab Emirates , Egypt , Bahrain , Sudan , Jordan , Pakistan , Qatar , Kuwait , Morocco , Chad , Comoros , Tunisia , Oman , Malaysia and Yemen in February–March 2016. Purpose The exercise aimed to raise the technical and combat efficiency of the units involved and improve logistics and readiness rates for the implementation of joint security and stability missions in the region, notably Syria . A spokesman for the Arab coalition forces, Ahmad Assiri , said the aim of the exercise is to achieve the highest level of preparedness, exchange expertise and promote coordination among the 21 participating countries. It has also been suggested, considering the forces involved, that the exercise could be the beginning of a land assault on Syria in conjunction with the Turkish Land Forces invading Syria fro



American-led intervention in Syria

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During the Syrian Civil War , which began in 2011, two US programs attempted to assist the Syrian rebels. One was a military program that planned to train and equip 15,000 Syrian rebels, but was canceled in 2015 after spending $500 million and producing only a few dozen fighters. A $1 billion covert program run by the CIA was more successful, but was decimated by Russian bombing and canceled in mid 2017 by the Trump administration . The United States first supplied the rebels of the Free Syrian Army with non-lethal aid (including food rations and pickup trucks), but quickly began providing training, cash, and intelligence to selected Syrian rebel commanders. The United States began surveillance missions on Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) positions in Syria in September 2014. On 10 September, President of the United States Barack Obama gave a speech indicating his intent to "degrade and ultimately destroy" the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, saying, "I have made it clear that we will hunt do



Battle of Sirte (2016)

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The Battle of Sirte (2016) refers to the battle in the spring of 2016, in the region of Sirte , Libya , between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the forces of the Government of National Accord (GNA) backed by United States of America . ISIL forces had captured Sirte one year earlier, during the previous battle . The latter portion of this battle was concurrent with the Battle of Mosul (2016–17) in Iraq , the Battle of al-Bab in northern Syria , and the Raqqa campaign (2016–present) by the Syrian Democratic Forces , on ISIL's de facto capital in Syria . The offensive GNA advance on Sirte, initial gains, and stalemate The offensive on Sirte launched on 12 May 2016, under the name “Al-Bunyan Al-Marsoos,” variously translated as "Impenetrable Wall" or "Solid Foundation." Fighting took place east of Assdada, around 80 km (50 miles) south of Misrata . On 16 May, GNA military forces recaptured Abu Grein from ISIL militants. The next day, the GNA took control over the al-Wishkah district, 25 km



Abu Mohannad al-Sweidawi

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Adnan Latif Hamid al-Sweidawi al-Dulaimi ( Arabic : عدنان لطيف حامد السويداوي الدليمي ‎‎, ‘Adnān Laṭīf Ḥāmid as-Suwaydāwī al-Dulaymī), also known by his noms de guerre Abu Mohannad al-Sweidawi , Abu Abdul Salem , Haji Dawūd and Abu Ayman al-Iraqi , was a top commander in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the former head of its Military Council. Biography Despite his senior position within the ISIL hierarchy, very little is known about al-Iraqi. He has been referred to as a "shadowy persona". Al-Sweidawi was a member of the Al-bu Swda clan of the Dulaim , the largest tribe in Iraq's Anbar Province . Al-Sweidawi served under the Ba'athist regime of Saddam Hussein as a lieutenant colonel in the Iraqi Army. He also operated in Iraq's Air Defense Intelligence. According to Ahmed al-Dulaimi, the governor of Anbar Province, al-Sweidawi graduated from the same military academy as future senior ISIL leaders Haji Bakr and Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi . A IS biography of Abu Muhannad al-Suwaydawi desc



Battle of Al-Tabqa airbase

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The Battle of Al-Tabqa airbase refers to a series of clashes between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the Syrian Arab Army in August 2014, during the Syrian Civil War . Al-Tabqa was the last bastion for Syrian military forces in Raqqa province, which at the end of the battle came fully under the control of the ISIL. Early engagements Around 10 August 2014, ISIL started to continuously attack Al-Tabqa Airbase. On 17 August, the Syrian Air Force launched 26 airstrikes on Raqqa city and around al-Tabqa, killing at least 31 ISIL fighters and wounding dozens. At least eight civilians were also killed and ten wounded. At the same time the army launched an equal number of airstrikes in Deir Ez-zor against ISIL positions, bringing the total number of airstrikes to 40. The following day the Syrian Air Force launched another 20 airstrikes against ISIS positions, one of which destroyed the Raqqa city water plant, cutting off water supply to the city. According to Al Rai reporter Elijah J. Magnier,



Abu Khattab al-Tunisi

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Abu Khattab al-Tunisi (died 10 June 2017) was a Tunisian jihadist and military leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant , who had risen to the group's third-highest ranking commander by 2017. In that year, he was put in charge of the military operations in eastern Raqqa , ISIL's proclaimed capital, which was attacked by the Syrian Democratic Forces on 6 June 2017. Just four days after the battle's beginning, Abu Khattab was killed at the frontlines in the Roman suburb, alongside 12 other ISIL militants, during a shootout with SDF fighters. His death was considered to be "a new blow to the ISIS terror group". References Dilber Issa (12 June 2017). "Top ISIS military official killed by SDF fire in Raqqa city" . ARA News . Retrieved 16 June 2017 . "3rd neighborhood liberated from IS in al-Raqqa" . Hawar News Agency . 11 June 2017 . Retrieved 11 June 2017 . Mohammad Abdulssattar Ibrahim; Mohammed Al-Haj Ali; Justin Schuster (12 June 2017). "In battle for Raqqa, Syrian Democratic Forces make steady a



Mosul offensive (2015)

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The Mosul offensive (2015) was an offensive launched by Kurdish Peshmerga forces on 21 January 2015, with the objective of severing key ISIL supply routes to Mosul , Iraq, and to recapture neighboring areas around Mosul. The effort was supported by US-led coalition airstrikes. The Iraqi Army was widely expected to launch the planned operation to retake the actual city of Mosul in the Spring of 2015, but the offensive was postponed to October 2016 , after Ramadi fell to ISIL in May 2015 . Background Ever since the city of Mosul fell to ISIL forces on 10 June 2014, the United States and the Iraqi Government had been planning to retake the city. Initially, the original plan called for an assault on Mosul in July or August 2015, even though some US officials claimed that an attack at that point would be "too late." On December 25, 2014, after Hassan Saeed Al-Jabouri, the ISIL governor of Mosul, was killed by a US-led Coalition airstrike in Mosul, it was revealed that the US planned to retake the city of Mosul i



Inter-rebel conflict during the Syrian Civil War

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The inter-rebel conflict during the Syrian Civil War started after fighting erupted between the Syrian opposition groups: the Free Syrian Army (FSA), the Army of Mujahedeen , the Islamic Front , and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). In early January 2014, serious clashes between the groups erupted in the north of the country. Opposition groups near Aleppo attacked ISIL in two areas, Atarib and Anadan , which were both strongholds of the fundamentalist Sunni organization. Despite the conflict between ISIL and other rebels, one faction of ISIL has cooperated with the al-Nusra Front and the Green Battalion (a group of Saudi fighters) to combat Hezbollah in the Battle of Qalamoun . Background Free Syrian Army–al-Nusra Front tensions On 26 July 2012, FSA fighters stormed an outpost near a border crossing with Turkey in northern Syria manned by 40 foreign al-Qaeda fighters which held John Cantlie and several other journalists prisoners. The journalists escaped to the border crossing during the infi



2016 Berlin attack

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On 19 December 2016, a truck was deliberately driven into the Christmas market next to the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church at Breitscheidplatz in Berlin , leaving 12 people dead and 56 others injured. One of the victims was the truck's original driver, Łukasz Urban, who was found shot dead in the passenger seat. The perpetrator was Anis Amri, a Tunisian failed asylum seeker , urged by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant . Four days after the attack, he was killed in a shootout with police near Milan in Italy. An initial suspect was arrested and later released due to lack of evidence. The event was designated as a terrorist attack. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant gave Anis Amri instructions. ISIL released a video of Amri pledging allegiance to the terror group's leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi . Background The attack took place during a time of heightened Islamist terrorist activity in Europe . Several terrorist attacks in 2016, in Germany and in neighboring countries, have been linked to ISIS; some of



February 2015 Egyptian airstrikes in Libya

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The February 2015 Egyptian airstrikes in Libya against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) positions in Libya took place on February 16, 2015, and were triggered by a video released by ISIL in Libya a day earlier, depicting the beheading of 21 Coptic Christians from Egypt . Within hours, the Egyptian Air Force responded with airstrikes against ISIL training camps and weapons stockpiles in retaliation for the killings. Warplanes acting under orders from the Libyan government also struck targets in Derna , reportedly in coordination with Egypt. The air strikes had allegedly killed up to 64 ISIL militants, including three of the leadership, in the coastal cities of Derna and Sirte . Libyan media reported that at least 35 more Egyptians had been rounded up by ISIL in retaliation for the air raids. As the airstrikes took place, Egypt's Foreign Ministry called on the US-led coalition striking Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant targets in Syria and Iraq to broaden its scope to North Africa and take actio



Operation Shader

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Operation Shader is the operational code name given to the contribution of the United Kingdom in the ongoing military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The operation began in Iraq on 26 September 2014, following a formal request for assistance by the Iraqi government. Prior to this, the Royal Air Force had been engaged in a humanitarian relief effort over Mount Sinjar , which involved multiple aid airdrops by transport aircraft and the airlifting of displaced refugees. By 21 October 2014, the intervention had extended onto Syria with the Royal Air Force only mandated to conduct surveillance flights over the country. As of 26 September 2015, the United Kingdom had flown a third of all coalition surveillance flights over Iraq and Syria. By 26 November 2015, the Tornado GR4s RAPTOR reconnaissance pod had gathered 60% of the coalition's entire tactical reconnaissance in Iraq. On 2 December 2015, the House of Commons approved British airstrikes against ISIL in Syria. The



Battle of Mosul (2016–17)

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The Battle of Mosul (2016–17) ( Arabic : معركة الموصل ‎‎, Ma‘rakat al-Mawṣil; Central Kurdish : شەڕی مووسڵ ‎, Şeriy Mûsil) was a major military campaign launched by the Iraqi Government forces with allied militias, the Kurdistan Regional Government , and international forces to retake the city of Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), which had seized the city in June 2014. During the military intervention against ISIL , Iraqi and Peshmerga forces had already made unsuccessful attempts to retake the city in 2015 and again in 2016 , despite limited gains. The offensive, dubbed Operation " We Are Coming, Nineveh " ( قادمون يا نينوى ; Qadimun Ya Naynawa), began on 16 October 2016, with forces besieging ISIL-controlled areas in the Nineveh Governorate surrounding Mosul, and continued with Iraqi troops and Peshmerga fighters engaging ISIL on three fronts outside Mosul, going from village to village in the surrounding area in the largest deployment of Iraqi troops since the 2003 invasi



2015 Kuwait mosque bombing

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Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq Mosque Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq Mosque (Kuwait) A suicide bombing took place on 26 June 2015 at a Shia mosque in Kuwait . The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed responsibility for the attack. Kuwait's Emir arrived at the location of the incident after a short period of time. Twenty-seven people were killed and 227 people were wounded. Twenty-nine suspects were taken to court and after approximately ten sessions, most of them public, 15 were found guilty, with 7 to receive capital punishment (5 in absentia). Those include Adel Eidan, who drove the bomber to the mosque and admitted his intention to bomb the mosque and claimed that he wanted the mosque itself to be bombed, but "not the people", and Mohammed and Majid az-Zahrani (in absentia), who delivered the explosives to the terrorists in Kuwait and were arrested by Saudi authorities. Three other Islamist attacks took place on the same day in France, Tunisia, and Somalia. The attacks followed an audio message released three days ea



Foreign fighters in the Syrian and Iraqi Civil Wars

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Afghan militiamen of Liwa Fatemiyoun during the Palmyra offensive (December 2016) . British fighters of the International Freedom Battalion 's 0161 Antifa Manchester Crew in Rojava . Foreign fighters have fought on all four sides of the Syrian Civil War , as well both sides of the Iraqi Civil War . The conflicts are sectarian, with foreign Sunnis fighting for the Syrian opposition and the Islamic State , foreign Shias fighting for the Syrian government, and foreign leftists fighting for the People's Protection Units . Many foreign nationals have fought in the conflicts and some of them have died. Fighters include those from the Gulf Arab states, Tunisia (following its own Tunisian revolution ), Libya (following the Libyan Civil War ), China, other Arab states, Russia's Chechnya and North Caucasus region, and Western countries. Estimates of the total number of foreign Sunnis who have fought for the Syrian rebels over the course of the conflict range from 5,000 to over 10,000, while foreign Shia fighters number



List of wars by death toll

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This list of wars by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either directly or indirectly caused by war. These numbers usually include both the deaths of military personnel which are the direct results of battle or other military wartime actions, as well as the wartime/war-related deaths of civilians, which are the results of war-induced epidemics , diseases , famines , atrocities , genocide , etc. List of wars by death toll with over 100,000 deaths # War Death range Geometric mean Date Location Notes 1 World War II 15,843,000–85,000,000 36,696,798 1939–1945 Worldwide 2 Mongol conquests 30,000,000–40,000,000 34,641,016 1206–1368 Eurasia – excludes the (up to) 200,000,000 deaths from the Black Death migration associated with the Mongol expansion 3 European colonisation of the Americas 8,400,000–137,750,000 34,016,173 1492–1691 Americas see Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas . These death toll estimates vary due to lack of consensus as to the demographic size of th



Abu Umar al-Tunisi

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Tariq bin al-Tahar bin al-Falih al-'Awni al-Harzi (3 May 1982 – 16 June 2015), known as Abu Umar al-Tunisi , was a Tunisian man and senior leader of the Islamic State . History He was born either 03 May 1982, 05 March 1982 or in 1981 in Tunis , Tunisia . According to the US government, he was one of first militants to join the Islamic State , traveling to Iraq as a foreign fighter after the US invasion of the country. In October 2007, IS personnel records were captured by coalition forces in a raid near Sinjar . These records contain a mention of Abu Umar al-Tunisi. A note mentions that he was a soldier, had received medical treatment for an unspecified injury and was returning to his station in Abu Ghraib , Iraq . Syria 2013 Since 2013, he was recruiting and facilitating the travel of fighters for IS. He was named IS's emir for the Syria–Turkey border and he received new foreign fighter recruits and provided them light weapons training before sending them to Syria. He arranged the movement of Europeans to Tu



9 September 2016 Baghdad bombings

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The 9 September 2016 Baghdad bombings occurred just before midnight on Friday, 9 September 2016. Twin suicide bombings occurred at the al-Nakheel Mall in Palestine Street , in eastern Baghdad . A car rigged with explosives detonated at the car park of the mall and an assailant blew up his car in a busy street outside shortly afterwards. At least 40 people were killed and 60 wounded. The bombings were later claimed by Islamic State . The Amaq News Agency , which supports Islamic State, said that the bombers targeted "a gathering of Shi'ites". See also American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present) List of terrorist incidents in September 2016 List of terrorist incidents linked to ISIL List of mass car bombings Military intervention against ISIL Number of terrorist incidents by country Timeline of ISIL-related events (2016) List of Islamist terrorist attacks Timeline of the Iraq War (2016) War on Terror References "35 killed, 40 wounded in twin car bomb attacks in Baghdad" . PressTV. September 10, 2016 . R



Libyan Civil War (2014–present)

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The second Libyan Civil War is an ongoing conflict among rival groups seeking control of the territory of Libya . The conflict has been mostly between the government of the House of Representatives (HoR) that was elected democratically in 2014, also known as the " Tobruk government" and internationally recognized as the "Libyan government"; and the rival General National Congress (GNC) endorsed government, also called the " National Salvation Government ", based in the capital Tripoli established after Operation Libya Dawn. In December 2015 the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) was signed. The LPA was the result of protracted negotiations between rival political camps based in the capital, Tripoli, Tobruk and elsewhere which agreed to unite as the Government of National Accord . Although the Government of National Accord is now functioning, its authority is still unclear as specific details acceptable to both sides have not yet been agreed upon. The HoR, also known as the Council of Deputies, strongest in ea



Deir ez-Zor offensive (December 2014)

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The Deir ez-Zor offensive (December 2014) was a military operation launched by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) on the Deir ez-Zor air base and the surrounding areas. Battle On 3 December, ISIL launched an offensive in the direction of the Deir Ezzor military airbase. They reportedly managed to capture the al-Masemekeh Building after a suicide bomber detonated a car near it, killing 19 soldiers and NDF fighters, according to the SOHR. In the clashes that followed, 7 ISIL militants were killed, while ISIL seized two tanks, an APC, an artillery piece, and machine guns. The next day, ISIL reportedly advanced further and captured al-Mari'iyah village, and they also captured parts of the al-Jafra village, while the Syrian Army reported that the 104th Airborne Brigade of the Republican Guard Killed over 20 ISIL militants, and seized 3 tanks. The same source named 17 ISIL casualties in from fighting in the al-Mari’ayyi area. The SAF conducted ten airstrikes on ISIL positions that day. On 5 Decembe



Syrian Civil War

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The Syrian Civil War ( Arabic : الحرب الأهلية السورية ‎‎, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought primarily between the government of President Bashar al-Assad , along with its allies, and various forces opposing the government. The unrest in Syria, part of a wider wave of 2011 Arab Spring protests, grew out of discontent with the Assad government and escalated to an armed conflict after protests calling for his removal were violently suppressed. The war is being fought by several factions: the Syrian government and its allies, a loose alliance of Sunni Arab rebel groups (including the Free Syrian Army ), the majority-Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Salafi jihadist groups (including al-Nusra Front ) and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), with a number of countries in the region and beyond being either directly involved , or rendering support to one or another faction. Syrian opposition groups formed the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and seized




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